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Knowledge Base

Welcome to HAProxy’s extensive and ever-expanding knowledge base. Created by a team of experts including HAProxy’s Core Development Team; it covers a wide range of topics to help you achieve maximum potential.

PacketShield: A Tool for Superior DDoS Protection

PacketShield provides stateful packet filtering and protects your network against DDoS. Packet floods are DDoS attacks in which large numbers of packets are sent to a target with the goal of saturating the target's resources. They can heavily impact the system's...

Enabling CORS in HAProxy

The HAProxy Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) Lua module streamlines adding CORS to your APIs. What is CORS? Read on to learn more. It doesn't matter whether you're using Angular, React, Vue or simple, vanilla JavaScript. You're guaranteed to need to fetch or...

HAProxy Rate Limiting: Four Examples

Use rate limiting in HAProxy to stop clients from making too many requests and promote fair usage of your services. Rate limiting in HAProxy stops a client from making too many requests during a window of time. You might have a policy that stipulates how many requests...

HAProxy SSL Termination

The HAProxy load balancer provides high-performance SSL termination, allowing you to encrypt and decrypt traffic. You can quickly and easily enable SSL/TLS encryption for your applications by using HAProxy SSL termination. HAProxy is compiled with OpenSSL, which...

Load Balancing/Routing

The History of HAProxy

Today, HAProxy is the world's fastest and most widely used software load balancer. It's responsible for providing high availability, security, and observability to some of the world's highest trafficked websites. Many Site Reliability Engineers and Network/Systems...

HAProxy on Docker Swarm: Load Balancing and DNS Service Discovery

Use HAProxy to add routing, load balancing, and DNS service discovery to Docker Swarm. Docker Swarm lets you expand beyond hosting Docker containers on a single machine. It oversees a cluster of servers and manages which to deploy a container to, depending on each...

[On Demand Webinar] HAProxy 2.0 – Q&A

Modern applications are shifting towards cloud-native architectures and container platforms like Kubernetes. That means that proxies and load balancers must be equipped to manage transient services, new communication protocols, and dynamic methods for discovering...

HAProxy Traffic Mirroring for Real-world Testing

Traffic mirroring makes it possible to stream production traffic to a test or staging environment. Use the HAProxy Traffic Shadowing agent to enable mirroring. The HAProxy Stream Processing Offload Engine (SPOE) lets you stream data to an external agent in real time...

SSL

HAProxy SSL Termination

The HAProxy load balancer provides high-performance SSL termination, allowing you to encrypt and decrypt traffic. You can quickly and easily enable SSL/TLS encryption for your applications by using HAProxy SSL termination. HAProxy is compiled with OpenSSL, which...

Let’s Encrypt (ACMEv2) for HAProxy

HAProxy Technologies is proud to announce the availability of an integrated Let’s Encrypt ACMEv2 Lua client for HAProxy and HAProxy Enterprise Edition (HAPEE). HAPEE comes bundled with Lua support in a precompiled binary conveniently distributed using your Linux...

TLS 1.3 and 0-RTT in HAProxy

Transport Layer Security (TLS) is a cryptographic protocol that enables secure communications over a computer network. It has been in widespread use on the Internet for various services, such as e-commerce, web browsing, and instant messaging. TLS has also been made...

SSL Client Certificate Information in HTTP Headers and Logs

HAProxy and SSL HAProxy has many nice features when speaking about SSL, despite SSL has been introduced in it lately. One of those features is the client side certificate management, which has already been discussed on the blog. One thing was missing in the article,...

Microservices

Dissecting the HAProxy Kubernetes Ingress Controller

The new HAProxy Kubernetes Ingress Controller provides a high-performance ingress for your Kubernetes-hosted applications. Register for the on demand webinar "The HAProxy Kubernetes Ingress Controller for High-Performance Ingress". Containers allow cross-functional...

DNS for Service Discovery in HAProxy

HAProxy 1.8 and newer allows you to use DNS service discovery to detect server changes and automatically apply them to your configuration. HAProxy is a mature, high-performance software component that’s been reliably serving the load balancing and ADC markets for over...

Using HAProxy as an API Gateway, Part 3 [Health Checks]

Achieving high availability rests on having good health checks. HAProxy as an API gateway gives you several ways to do this. Run your service on multiple servers. Place your servers behind an HAProxy load balancer. Enable health checking to quickly remove unresponsive...

Performance

Test Driving „Power of Two Random Choices“ Load Balancing

The Power of Two Random Choices load-balancing algorithm has piqued some curiosity. In this blog post, we see how it stacks up against other modern-day algorithms available in HAProxy. Recently, I was asked twice about my opinion on supporting an algorithm known as...

HAProxy 1.9.2 Adds gRPC Support

HAProxy provides end-to-end proxying of HTTP/2 traffic. Use HAProxy to route, secure, and observe gRPC traffic over HTTP/2. Read on to learn more. HAProxy 1.9 introduced the Native HTTP Representation (HTX). Not only does this allow you to use HTTP/2 end-to-end, it...

Multithreading in HAProxy

There are two possible ways to have HAProxy run on multiple CPU cores: By using the multiprocess model, where HAProxy automatically starts a number of separate system processes (method available since HAProxy version 1.1.7) By using the multithreading model, where...

Webinars

[On Demand Webinar] HAProxy 2.0 – Q&A

Modern applications are shifting towards cloud-native architectures and container platforms like Kubernetes. That means that proxies and load balancers must be equipped to manage transient services, new communication protocols, and dynamic methods for discovering...

[On Demand Webinars] HAProxy 2.0

Following the road paved by past releases, HAProxy 2.0 brings a powerful set of new core features as well as completely new functionality further improving its support for modern architectures. In a series of three webinars we'll cover: Exploring HAProxy 2.0 – Take a...

Basics

HAProxy Rate Limiting: Four Examples

Use rate limiting in HAProxy to stop clients from making too many requests and promote fair usage of your services. Rate limiting in HAProxy stops a client from making too many requests during a window of time. You might have a policy that stipulates how many requests...

HAProxy SSL Termination

The HAProxy load balancer provides high-performance SSL termination, allowing you to encrypt and decrypt traffic. You can quickly and easily enable SSL/TLS encryption for your applications by using HAProxy SSL termination. HAProxy is compiled with OpenSSL, which...

5 Ways to Extend HAProxy with Lua

Use Lua to add fetches, converters, actions, services and tasks to HAProxy. Did you know that HAProxy embeds the Lua scripting language, which you can use to add new functionality? HAProxy features an extremely powerful and flexible configuration language and gives...

Exploring the HAProxy Stats Page

The HAProxy Stats page provides a near real-time feed of data about the state of your proxied services.   In a previous blog post, Introduction to HAProxy Logging, you saw how to harness the power of HAProxy to improve observability into the state of your load...

Benchmarking

Test Driving „Power of Two Random Choices“ Load Balancing

The Power of Two Random Choices load-balancing algorithm has piqued some curiosity. In this blog post, we see how it stacks up against other modern-day algorithms available in HAProxy. Recently, I was asked twice about my opinion on supporting an algorithm known as...

Benchmarking SSL Performance

Introduction The story Recently, there has been some attacks against website which aimed to steal user identity. In order to protect their users, major website owners had to find a solution. Unfortunately, we know that sometimes, improving security means downgrading...

Random Tips

HAProxy and HTTP Errors 408 in Chrome

Lately, there was some discussions on HAProxy's mailing list about 408 errors printed in Chrome browsers. Origin of 408 errors 408 is the status code used by web servers or proxies when the client has not sent a whole HTTP request during a certain period of time. It...

Configure syslog-ng to Log Readable HTTP URL from HAProxy

This tips is provided by Exosec. Exosec provides a very good monitoring product called POM, based on Nagios with very strong value added such as very simple administration, application monitoring, etc... For some of their project, they use either HAProxy or the ALOHA...

HAProxy and gzip Compression

Synopsis Compression is a Technic to reduce object size to reduce delivery delay for objects over HTTP protocol. Until now, HAProxy did not include such feature. But the guys at HAProxy Technologies worked hard on it (mainly David Du Colombier and @wlallemand)....

Observability

Tracing Requests Through HAProxy with AWS X-Ray

HAProxy integrates with AWS X-Ray to give you the best observability across your Amazon Web Services (AWS) resources, including your load balancer. Read on to learn how. There is a trend to move away from monolithic applications towards microservices. Microservices...

HAProxy Exposes a Prometheus Metrics Endpoint

HAProxy has added native support for Prometheus, allowing you to export metrics directly. Read on to learn more.   Metrics are a key aspect of observability, along with logging and tracing. They contain the data that inform you about the state of your systems, which...

Binary Health Check with HAProxy 1.5: PHP-fpm/fastcgi Probe Example

Application layer health checking Health checking is the ability to probe a server to ensure the service is up and running. This is one of the root feature of any load-balancer. One can probe servers and services at different layer of the OSI model: * ARP check (not...

HAProxy Advanced Redis Health Check

Introduction Redis is an opensource nosql database working on a key/value model. One interesting feature in Redis is that it is able to write data to disk as well as a master can synchronize many slaves. HAProxy can load-balance Redis servers with no issues at all....

DevOps

HAProxy on Docker Swarm: Load Balancing and DNS Service Discovery

Use HAProxy to add routing, load balancing, and DNS service discovery to Docker Swarm. Docker Swarm lets you expand beyond hosting Docker containers on a single machine. It oversees a cluster of servers and manages which to deploy a container to, depending on each...

HAProxy Traffic Mirroring for Real-world Testing

Traffic mirroring makes it possible to stream production traffic to a test or staging environment. Use the HAProxy Traffic Shadowing agent to enable mirroring. The HAProxy Stream Processing Offload Engine (SPOE) lets you stream data to an external agent in real time...

HAProxy Layer 7 Retries and Chaos Engineering

HAProxy 2.0 introduced layer 7 retries, which provides resilience against unreachable nodes, network latency, slow servers, and HTTP errors. HAProxy powers the uptime of organizations with even the largest traffic demands by giving them the flexibility and confidence...

Kubernetes

Dissecting the HAProxy Kubernetes Ingress Controller

The new HAProxy Kubernetes Ingress Controller provides a high-performance ingress for your Kubernetes-hosted applications. Register for the on demand webinar "The HAProxy Kubernetes Ingress Controller for High-Performance Ingress". Containers allow cross-functional...

HAProxy Ingress Controller for Kubernetes

This blog post refers to the jcmoraisjr/haproxy-ingress project. There is now a new HAProxy Ingress Controller that uses the Data Plane API to dynamically update the HAProxy configuration. Read more in our blog post Dissecting the HAProxy Kubernetes Ingress...

Service Discovery

HAProxy on Docker Swarm: Load Balancing and DNS Service Discovery

Use HAProxy to add routing, load balancing, and DNS service discovery to Docker Swarm. Docker Swarm lets you expand beyond hosting Docker containers on a single machine. It oversees a cluster of servers and manages which to deploy a container to, depending on each...

DNS for Service Discovery in HAProxy

HAProxy 1.8 and newer allows you to use DNS service discovery to detect server changes and automatically apply them to your configuration. HAProxy is a mature, high-performance software component that’s been reliably serving the load balancing and ADC markets for over...

HAProxy and Consul with DNS for Service Discovery

In this blog post we will show you a zero-touch method for integrating HAProxy with Consul by using DNS for service discovery available in HAProxy 1.8. HAProxy is the most widely used software load balancer in the world, well known for being extremely fast and...

Cloud

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LUA

Enabling CORS in HAProxy

The HAProxy Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) Lua module streamlines adding CORS to your APIs. What is CORS? Read on to learn more. It doesn't matter whether you're using Angular, React, Vue or simple, vanilla JavaScript. You're guaranteed to need to fetch or...

5 Ways to Extend HAProxy with Lua

Use Lua to add fetches, converters, actions, services and tasks to HAProxy. Did you know that HAProxy embeds the Lua scripting language, which you can use to add new functionality? HAProxy features an extremely powerful and flexible configuration language and gives...

Let’s Encrypt (ACMEv2) for HAProxy

HAProxy Technologies is proud to announce the availability of an integrated Let’s Encrypt ACMEv2 Lua client for HAProxy and HAProxy Enterprise Edition (HAPEE). HAPEE comes bundled with Lua support in a precompiled binary conveniently distributed using your Linux...

HAProxy 1.6-Dev1 and LUA

HAProxy 1.6-dev1 Yesterday, Willy has released HAProxy 1.6-dev1: ANNOUNCE HAProxy 1.6-dev1. This version contains many new features and core improvements. Amongst the new features, one is LUA, contributed by Thierry (HAProxy Technologies developer). NOTE: We invite...

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