HAProxy Enterprise Documentation 2.3r1

clear table

Remove one or more entries from a stick table.

Description

With no arguments, clear table removes all records from a stick table.

You can also select specific records to remove. Specify either the key of the record to remove or an expresson that matches a record's counters.

Examples

Consider this real-world example that uses a stick-table to track clients that exceed a rate limit and bans clients that exceed the limit three times:

frontend fe_main
   bind :80

   # define stick table
   stick-table  type ip  size 100k  expire 24h  store http_req_rate(5s),gpc0,gpt0

   # begin tracking requests where the key in the table
   # is the client's source IP
   http-request track-sc0 src

   # has the client exceeded 20 requests in 5 seconds?
   acl exceeds_rate_limit sc_http_req_rate(0) gt 20

   # flag them if they exceeded the limit
   http-request sc-set-gpt0(0) 1 if exceeds_rate_limit

   # if they exceeded the limit 3 times, mark them as a known speeder
   acl known_speeder sc_get_gpc0(0) ge 3

   # deny all clients that exceed the limit or are known speeders
   http-request deny deny_status 429 if exceeds_rate_limit || known_speeder

   # count each time they exceed the limit if they were flagged
   acl issue_speeding_ticket sc_get_gpt0(0) eq 1
   http-request sc-inc-gpc0(0) if issue_speeding_ticket

   # reset the flag
   http-request sc-set-gpt0(0) 0

   default_backend be_servers

First, use show table to lists records in the table fe_main:

$ echo "show table fe_main" | sudo socat stdio /var/run/hapee-2.3/hapee-lb.sock

# table: fe_main, type: ip, size:102400, used:1
0x5641b364f7e8: key=192.168.50.19 use=0 exp=86398242 gpt0=0 gpc0=3 http_req_rate(5000)=5
0x5641b364f7e8: key=192.168.50.24 use=0 exp=86398220 gpt0=0 gpc0=1 http_req_rate(5000)=5
0x5641b364f7e8: key=192.168.50.30 use=0 exp=86398250 gpt0=0 gpc0=1 http_req_rate(5000)=5

The key is the client's IP address, and there are three counters tracked: gpt0, gpc0, and http_req_rate(5000).

Use clear table with no arguments to remove all records:

$ echo "clear table fe_main" | sudo socat stdio /var/run/hapee-2.3/hapee-lb.sock

Set the key parameter to remove only the record that has a key with the given value. Here, we remove the record with the key 192.168.50.19:

$ echo "clear table fe_main key 192.168.50.19" | sudo socat stdio /var/run/hapee-2.3/hapee-lb.sock

You can also select records to remove using a filter expression. Prefix the counter you want to filter on with data. Here, we remove records that have a gpc0 counter set to 1:

$ echo "clear table fe_main data.gpc0 eq 1" | sudo socat stdio /var/run/hapee-2.3/hapee-lb.sock

Use any of the following comparison operators:

  • eq : true if the counter equals the value

  • ge : true if the counter is greater than or equal to the value

  • gt : true if the counter is greater than the value

  • le : true if the counter is less than or equal to the value

  • lt : true if the counter is less than the value

See also


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